Public health, epidemics and urban planning: reinstating the connection
- Contact person:
- Guy Baeten
- Malmö universitet
- Responsible at Malmö University:
- Guy Baeten
- Project members:
- Time frame:
- 01 October 2020 - 31 March 2021
- Research environment :
- Research subject:
After waves of epidemic outbreaks in rapidly growing cities in Europe during the 19th century, public health concerns and the containment of epidemics became a key informant for housing provision, urban planning and urban design.
The attention paid to public health and disease prevention in the 19th and early 20th century would culminate in modernist architecture and urban design that would become the standard for post-war housing schemes across the globe. In Sweden, the Million Program, a national housing policy to provide the nation with affordable quality housing, had public health concerns at its very core. Concerns about public health and disease have given birth to modern housing schemes and urban planning and have informed it for many decades since.
The tight connections between medical and epidemiological concerns on the one hand and housing provision and urban planning on the other hand, once so prominent, are now lost.
This pilot study seeks to answer three research questions:
- What is the relation between socio-spatial differences amongst the Swedish population, urban planning and the occurrence and spread of Covid-19?
- What immediate planning-related measures have been taken in various countries to fight Covid-19 and what proposals for further action have been launched globally and locally?