About the project
Major changes have taken place in the field of reproductive health and family planning in the last century. Effective contraceptive methods and assisted reproductive technology (ART) have been developed and made available, while parental insurance has been introduced and expanded to make it easier for people to combine work and family. From the fact that fertility has been highest among people with low income and education, it is currently the lowest for this socio-economic group. The total fertility in Sweden has fluctuated in relation to the economic situation, but has long been below the level of replacement (2.1 children per woman).
Childbirth takes place at later ages, especially among the highly educated, and today people have their first child on average five years later than in the 1970s. Because of the increased age, people today have their children with shorter intervals than before and more people use ART to become pregnant. At the same time, studies show that many individuals have limited fertility awareness but great confidence in reproductive technology.
The overall purpose of our project is to gain in-depth knowledge of how people of different ages reason about fertility and family planning. By interviewing people from different generations and stages of life, we want to increase the knowledge of which factors that are important for people's attitudes and decision-making in regards to reproduction. Another purpose is to identify which fertility myths that circulate in society. In this way, we can design better interventions to increase people’s knowledge about fertility, which hopefully contributes to more people in reproductive age being able to make informed decisions about their reproductive future.
Bodin Maja, Holmström Charlotta, Plantin Lars, Schmidt Lone, Ziebe Søren, Elmerstig Eva (2021) “Preconditions to parenthood: changes over time and generations”, Reproductive Biomedicine & Society Online, 2021 May 14;13:14-23. doi: 10.1016/j.rbms.2021.03.003. eCollection 2021 Aug.
Bodin Maja, Plantin Lars, Schmidt Lone, Ziebe Søren, Elmerstig Eva (2021) “The pros and cons of fertility awareness and information: a generational, Swedish perspective”, Human Fertility (Camb). 2021 Aug 22;1-10. doi: 10.1080/14647273.2021.1968045. Online ahead of print.