Transit Oriented Development (TOD) in the early stages of planning processes – improved tools for navigating collaborative complexities and private sector rationalities
- Contact person:
- Robert Hrelja
- K2-Sveriges nationella centrum för forskning och utbildning om kollektivtrafik/K2-The Swedish Knowledge Centre for Public Transport
- Responsible at Malmö University:
- Robert Hrelja
- Project members:
- Fredrik Pettersson – Lunds Universitet
- Tom Rye – Molde Högskola
- Time frame:
- 01 January 2020 - 31 December 2022
- Research environment :
About the project
The purpose of the project is to identify innovative ways to promote Transit Oriented Development (TOD) in the early stages of planning processes. It is especially important to coordinate public transport and land-use planning early, as attempts to adapt the development to the public transport in retrospect are likely to lead to poor solutions for public transport. Empirically, the conditions for TOD in municipalities located in the semi-peripheral areas of metropolitan regions are analyzed. An analytical starting point for the project is that effective planning in the early stages is influenced by several public and private organisations and that it is of central importance for TOD to understand their collaboration.
In the first step, the project maps the actions of the authorities and the property industry in ongoing or completed planning projects. In this first step, both obstacles and success factors for TOD are identified. Special interest is paid to how the real estate industry affects the conditions for TOD. In a second step, the project develops advice and tools that can be used to manage public transport and land use in the early planning stages. The ambition is to test these advices and tools in ongoing planning projects in the three metropolitan regions of Sweden. Methodologically, the results are based on interviews and workshops with participating organizations. The project also compares TOD in the Swedish metropolitan regions with the experiences in two foreign cities (likely to be Copenhagen and Zurich).