Linde-Laursen’s work in the last two decades has focused on processes of identity formation in modern societies. His research matters range from intimate details of everyday life such as dishwashing to discursive understandings of what "belonging" means. Studying cultural continuity and change he demonstrates how peoples' feelings and experiences both shape and are shaped by the modern contexts in which they live.

Currently, he studies such processes in two sites (the Øresund Region in Scandinavia and a small town, Solvang, in California) where he is concerned with how people understand themselves in relation to different and changing groups of others as well as with how such understandings of national and ethnic differences are practised and carry political implications. Linde-Laursen also has an interest in global cities in Asia and how they manage processes of globalization. Linde-Laursen has authored four books, edited five published volumes, and written many book chapters and articles.