It takes more than good cycle paths to get people cycling
Getting people to cycle isn't just about building more and better cycle lanes, to include more demographics, urban planners need to consider factors other than infrastructure, says researcher Zahra Hamidi.
“For environmental reasons, among others, we want more people to cycle, but today urban planning focuses more on those who already cycle and are physically fit; looking at how to build more super cycle paths so that those who already cycle can cycle even faster,” says Hamidi, a doctoral student at the Department of Urban Studies.
Cyclists are not a homogenous group, and today there are many types of bikes that can make cycling easier for people with different abilities.
In her thesis Examining Inequalities in Cycling Motility, she examines attitudes to cycling among a representative sample of residents in Gothenburg and Malmö. A total of 1,145 people answered questions such as: the availability of different forms of transport in the household, travel habits, and their attitudes towards cycling and considerations such as safety and convenience.
“If you want more groups to cycle, you can't only build more cycle paths,” says Hamidi. She is interested in aspects related to individual experiences of, and attitudes towards, cycling. In her thesis, she studies dimensions that define a person’s potential for cycling: access to a bicycle, ability and knowledge to cycle, whether cycling fits a self-image, whether there is a positive view of cycling in one's social network.
According to Hamidi, the potential for cycling depends on accessibility, knowledge and attitudes. Why people choose to cycle or not. Is it fear or other beliefs that make people choose other means of transport?
“The study shows that higher income is linked to higher potentials for cycling. For example, you need a smartphone to find and use the city of Malmö's bicycle docking stations.”
Other factors include age, health and household type. The study shows that older people have lower potentials for cycling and find bicycles less suitable for their needs and abilities. The study also shows that men generally report a higher level of cycling skills than women.
Hamidi believes that urban planners can use new technologies to include cyclists who do not have the same physical abilities as younger people. "Cyclists are not a homogenous group, and today there are many types of bikes that can make cycling easier for people with different abilities.
“It therefore needs to be recognised that there is a range of needs and preferences among cyclists. Those who need assistance to go out should perhaps be offered help.
“You may be able to afford to buy an electric bike, but you also need to feel that it's safe to cycle. There is a range of needs and preferences to consider," says Hamidi.
Text: Magnus Jando & Adrian Grist