Stability and change – a comparative study of neighborhood level fear of crime
About the project
The aim of this research project is to study how fear of crime and victimization develops over time in urban residential neighbourhoods. The current project will compare the stability and changes in relation to fear of crime in Malmö and Stockholm to investigate how the development is related to different social processes that occur within neighbourhoods. One aspect of importance in this project is to increase the understanding of why some neighbourhoods change whereas others remain stable. Even though the experience of fear of crime is an individual perception, a wide range of research has established that the neighbourhoods in which we live have a great impact on fear of crime levels. In order to prevent fear of crime, it is pertinent to know which processes drive these changes. The project is based on longitudinal data from fear of crime surveys conducted for several years in Malmö and Stockholm. By applying a comparative approach we will be able to study changes within neighbourhoods, between neighbourhoods and between cities to establish which changes are contextual and which that occur on a more general level. Findings will be presented on an aggregated level therefore it will not be possible to identify individual answers.
This project aims to shed light on the development of neighbourhood levels of fear of crime and the implications of this project are of importance both on an individual level and on a societal level. On a societal level, the results can be useful when allocating governmental resources in order to work effectively to decrease the fear of crime levels within the population.