Navigating visibility in contexts of state-sanctioned homophobia: development actors and LGBTQ rights defenders in Uganda and Russia
- Contact person:
- Jakob Svensson
- Responsible at Malmö University:
- Jakob Svensson
- Project members:
- Emil Edenborg - Utrikespolitiska institutet (projektledare)
- Cecilia Strand - Uppsala Universitet
- Time frame:
- 01 January 2021 - 31 December 2023
- Research environment :
In a time of sharp polarization around LGBTQ issues, rights advocates are met with fierce resistance in an increasing number of contexts. Despite hostilities, rights defenders need to become publicly visible as a group to raise awareness, seek support for rights claims, forge alliances and attract funding.
The purpose of the project is to understand how visibility strategies and visibility management shape the agency of LGBTQ rights defenders in contexts of state-sanctioned homophobia, as well as examine how development partners (un)intentionally influence visibility practices through rhetoric and funding preferences. By mapping funding patterns and conducting interviews with rights defenders at four LGBTQ organizations in Uganda and Russia, as well as analyze their visibility in digital spaces, we seek to capture the rights defenders’ understanding of visibility, visibility pressures and corresponding visibility practices.
Through a theoretical framework that combines agency and political opportunity structures, the study aims to contribute to a deepened and more nuanced conceptualization of visibility and its role in empowering marginalized groups, exploring when, for whom, where and what kinds of visibility are conducive to rights struggles in repressive contexts. The study also seeks to increase development partners’ awareness about the unwitting impact on rights defenders’ agency, and expand capacity to develop context-appropriate methods for repressive contexts.